RESIDENTIAL FIRE ESCAPE PLAN
Does each member of the family know what to do in the event of a house fire?
Designing a fire safety plan and an evacuation plan, utilizing your basic floor plan, can be very helpful.
The residence must adhere to SANS 10400-part A, T, and W. If the house has a substantial value and cannot meet SANS 10400, a BS 7974-compliant design must be used, which South Africa has adopted.
FIRE SAFETY CHECKLIST
This is an excellent tool to have on hand when inspecting your home for potential fire hazards. Once a week, check your DB board. Examine your electrical equipment and wiring for loose connections.
If an accredited service provider installs the LPG system, check and handle the equipment in accordance with SANS 10087.
Regular cleaning of stove ovens is required to avoid creasy deposits that can cause a kitchen fire. Make sure that chemicals are stored in a lockable cabinet to prevent them from mixing.
The following are included in the fire safety plan:
- Portable fire extinguishers
- Overhead symbolic signs
- A Hose real is an example of additional equipment; see SANS 10400: Part T 3.34 and SANS 543.
FIRE SAFETY & EVACUATION PLAN
All evacuation plans must be designed by an architect to meet the requirements of the regulatory body's specified descriptions.
With great importance, all residents must be trained on how to use this equipment. Smoke detectors are to be installed in accordance with SANS 10139 which is based on BS 5839-1
EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN
- To contain the fire and stop it from spreading further, close the door in the area where it is located.
- Activated the fire alarm system.
- Call the fire department right away, and while they are in route, begin administering first aid and putting out the fire while they are still in the early stages.
- If your life is in danger while fighting the fire, make sure there is an emergency exit door.
GENERAL HOME FIRE RISKS
- Deterioration of electrical and gas equipment and wiring.
- Burning candles and lamps, especially during load-shedding.
- Heaters and electric blankets
- Cigarettes and tobacco products.
- Gas leaks (avoid any spark)
- Children playing with matches.
- Overheated oil on stovetop
PRACTICE YOUR EMERGENCY ESCAPE PROCEDURES
- Practice two exits from a room; if the door is blocked, use a window and try to escape within 2.5 minutes to avoid smoke inhalation.
- Choose a safe meeting place away from your home as your assembly point. Every year, conduct at least three drills.
- Evacuate with caution and assess the situation. SANS 10400 requires clear evacuation procedures and prompt access to firefighting equipment.
- Consider your visitors who may come to your home if an emergency occurs. Consider the disabled people who may be present in such an emergency.
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